Central and local supervision sharp sword out of sheath, chemical industry structure changes
From the central to the local, the chemical industry is ushering in the severest storm of remediation. "Economic Information Daily" reporter learned from the 2019 China Chemical Industry Park and Industrial Development Forum held on May 23 that more than 80% of hazardous chemical production enterprises must complete the relocation and transformation by the end of 2020, and the chemical park is the main carrier. This year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other ministries and commissions formed a special working group to promote the assessment and certification of chemical parks as an important task, strictly formulating the construction and access standards for chemical parks, and requiring the improvement of infrastructure. Under this situation, some chemical companies will face production cuts or closures, and some chemical companies will migrate from the southeast coast to the midwest and northeast. The entire industrial structure will change, and the industrial chain may face reshuffle.
According to data from the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, as of the end of 2018, there were 676 industrial parks with petroleum and chemical industries as the leading industries in the country, including 57 national-level chemical parks, 351 provincial-level chemical parks, and 268 prefecture-level chemical parks. Family. In terms of output value distribution, there are 33 large chemical parks with a value of 50-100 billion, 224 medium-sized parks with a value of 10-50 billion, and 405 small parks with an output value of less than 10 billion.
"The chemical park has entered a new stage of high-quality development." Li Shousheng, president of the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, pointed out that while affirming the achievements of the chemical park, we should also fully understand the severe challenges facing the development of China’s chemical parks. The uncertainty of environment, safety and environmental protection, the restriction of innovation ability, and the outstanding contradiction of the high-quality development of China's chemical parks, that is, the problems of inconspicuous industrial characteristics, non-standard management, insignificant agglomeration effect, and need to strengthen social responsibility.
As early as the end of August 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Relocation and Reconstruction of Hazardous Chemicals Production Enterprises in Dense Urban Areas", stating that by 2025, the existing safety and health protection distance requirements in dense urban areas will not be met. Of the hazardous chemical production enterprises that meet the local standards, relocate to a standardized chemical park or close and exit. Among them, small and medium-sized enterprises and large enterprises with major hidden risks will all start relocation and transformation before the end of 2018 and complete the relocation and transformation by the end of 2020; other large enterprises and extra-large enterprises will all start relocation and transformation before the end of 2020 and complete the relocation and transformation before the end of 2025.
"After our thorough investigation, more than 80% of them were moved out before the end of 2020." According to Han Jingyou, an investigator from the Petrochemical Division of the Raw Material Industry Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, as of now, there have been no relocations in 4 provinces except Beijing, Shanghai, Ningxia, and Hainan. In addition, the remaining 21 provinces and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps have successively established corresponding working mechanisms, compiled the "Relocation and Reconstruction Implementation Plan", and determined the list of relocation and renovation enterprises and the relocation and renovation methods. The vast majority of enterprises have started the relocation and renovation work, and by the end of 2018, about 20% of the companies have completed the relocation and renovation.
He said that the chemical park is an important carrier for undertaking the relocation and transformation of enterprises, and the relocation and construction of the park will affect the growth and development of the relocation and transformation enterprises. When companies are required to move into the park, they must first tell the companies that they can relocate to the park. This year, the special working group for the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical production enterprises will specifically promote the park assessment and certification work as an important task. At the same time, it is necessary to improve the infrastructure, leave sufficient protection distance for enterprises in and around the park, and accelerate the construction of necessary public engineering facilities such as water supply, power supply, and gas supply based on the development of the park, and the construction of supporting sewage treatment plants, Hazardous chemicals and waste treatment facilities.
It is worth noting that nowadays, small and medium-sized enterprises generally face the situation that they cannot find the park to undertake. Han Jingyou hopes that the relevant departments of the provincial people's government can combine the development of regional related industries to set up some professional parks or set up development areas for small and medium-sized enterprises in large chemical parks when conducting park evaluation and demonstration. Conditional parks should not set requirements on investment intensity and scale, and enterprises with leading advantages in market segments should also provide certain support and allow them to settle down.